photo: ACPDR archives

European Union (EU)

As an EU member, Slovenia is actively involved in the field of civil protection, where cooperation takes place according to the principle of subsidiarity. In the field of civil protection, the EU has a role of supporting member states in their efforts to improve prevention, preparedness and response to disasters. In the event of major disasters, which exceed the capacity of individual countries, EU facilitates coordination of assistance of countries within the Union Civil Protection Mechanism (EU CP Mechanism).

For more than a decade, the Mechanism supports and complements the measures of member states in the field of civil protection, in order to improve the efficiency of systems for the management of natural and man-made disasters, including activities for disaster prevention, preparedness and effective response. It was established in 2001 and comprehensively renewed in 2013, when a new EU legislative act in the area of civil protection entered into force: DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism (which is available at http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/SL/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32013D1313).

The EU CP Mechanism represents the main instrument of the EU for carrying out joint rescue operations of member states during all types of disasters within the EU and in third countries. Its primary purpose is to improve, at the request of the affected state and in accordance with the principles of subsidiarity and solidarity, the coordination of assistance provided by countries participating in the EU CP Mechanism.

Republic of Slovenia is involved in the majority of the activities within the Union Civil Protection Mechanism, in all phases: prevention, preparedness and response. In the field of prevention Slovenia has compiled a National Disaster Risk Assessment, which feeds into the European Disaster Risk Assessment. The work is ongoing on the report on Disaster Risk Management Capabilities. Slovenia is actively involved in the preparedness phase as described below.

To ensure a rapid and effective response, the EU CP Mechanism consists of:

Detection and early warning systems are also developed (e.g. for forest fires and floods), as well as systems for improving public information. In its complementary role, the European CP also provides assistance in ensuring transportation for the forces and equipment, which the countries participating in the EU CP Mechanism offered to the affected country.

In the preparedness and response phase, CP also includes response to major accidents involving dangerous substances (Seveso II and III Directives) and intentional sea pollution, as well as the Single European Emergency Call Number 112.

Further information on activities in the EU civil protection and related fields is available at the EU CP website: http://ec.europa.eu/echo/civil_protection/civil/prote/mechanism.htm).

EU Projects

The Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief (ACPDR) is involved in several European projects in the field of protection against natural and other disasters. Participation in European projects contributes to the strengthening of capability of the Slovenian disaster response system or system of protection against disasters for effective preparedness and response to natural disasters in Slovenia, and also for cooperation in disasters in the border area and participation in international rescue operations.

The participation of Slovenia in the EU CP Mechanism means that it remains an active partner and contributes to the development of common solutions at the European level. In accordance with the foreign policy priorities, the ACPDR is also involved in EU projects for external assistance to candidate countries and potential candidates. The projects involve different organisational units of the ACPDR and Ministry of Defence, as well as other ministries, emergency services, municipalities, and other domestic and foreign partners.

The ACPDR participation in European projects mainly involves the following five financial programmes:

The ACPDR is involved in projects, which enable the upgrade of information and communications system and the introduction of new technological solutions in the field of protection against disasters/disaster response. The ACPDR also follows other possible sources of (co)financing projects in the field of protection against disasters.

foto: arhiv URSZR in tujih reševalnih ekip